STANG, Rudolf


Rudolf Stang (1831-1927) was born in Düsseldorf, Germany, and attended the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf (Arts Academy Düsseldorf), known for its expertise in engraving, from 1845 to 1857. From 1884 to 1901, Stang was professor at the Dutch Rijksacademie (Royal Academy of Visual Arts) in Amsterdam.

When the Dutch PTT suggested that the famous Louis Mouchon should engrave the die for the 1898/9 Dutch high value definitives, printers Enschedé pointed out that he was only famlous for his letterpress engravings, rather than those for recess-printing, so that their choice, Professor Stang, was the better one. The Dutch PTT acquiesced but then Stang stated he couldn't possibly engrave the die because he was too busy with other work. In the end he did agree to engrave just the portrait, and Enschedé employed Willem Steelink to engrave the ornamental frame.

Stang's first engraved die, based on photographs of the queen without a diadem, were considered rather unsatisfactory. Luckily for him, halfway through the whole drawn-out design process it was decided to use photographs of the queen with a diadem. Although at first it was suggested to no longer make use of Stang's services, Enschedé did in the end plead his case, stating that the failed first attempt was mainly due to unsuitable reference photographs.

Stang therefore got the chance to create a new die which was accepted afetr a few minor adjustments.


Netherlands, Coronation

Netherlands, Definitives

Iran, Definitives


Netherlands, 1000 gulden 'Grietje Seel' banknote (engraved in 1901)

Netherlands, 100, 200 and 300 gulden 'Grietje Seel' banknotes (engraved in 1901)


- Handboek Postwaarden Nederland, issue A9