Friday, 26 December 2014

GODBEHEAR, Robert George

It is surprising how little is known about this engraver of quite a few iconic stamps. The main thing we know about Robert George Godbehear (1904-1998) is that he was the senior portrait engraver at Bradbury Wilkinson from 1939 until the late 1960s.


Among his first known work is an advertising note for the firm, for which Godbehear engraved the portrait of Queen Elizabeth I. This note dates from 1940. That is also the year in which one of Godbehear’s first, if not his very first, stamps appeared: the 1d value from the New Zealand ‘Centenary of Proclamation of British Sovereignty’ set. The stamp has the Rediscovery of New Zealand in 1769 as its theme and includes engravings of HM Bark ‘Endeavour’, a chart of New Zealand and a portrait of Captain Cook.

Godbehear worked in partnership with engraver Peter Hall on this particular stamp. It is a good example of how engravers get involved in their work, even they are ‘only’ copying a designer’s drawing. In this instance, they mistook a line which was supposed to be a coastline for the route that Captain Cook took. Thinking this could not be right, they studied the original chart made by Cook and subsequently based their engraving on this original chart. That meant that they included lines of latitude and longitude and removed the mountain shading from the designer’s drawing. When a proof of their die was sent for approval, the lines were readily approved, but the mountain shading had to be restored, because that formed a pivotal part of Cook’s story.

As its title suggests, as senior portrait engraver, Godbehear was responsible for many a fine portrait on the printers’ banknotes and stamps. 1953 saw the issue of the Coronation omnibus set, which  included a portrait of Queen Elizabeth II by Godbehear.

Arguably, Godbehear’s most famous feat was the engraving of the first portrait of a British monarch ever to appear on a Bank of England banknote. His engraving of Queen Elizabeth II’s portrait graces the £1 banknote issued in 1960. In 2012, this particular portrait even appeared on a British stamp, as part of the Diamond Jubilee miniature sheet.

Working for Bradbury Wilkinson also entailed making engravings for stamps issued by countries other than in the British Commonwealth. Among Godbehear’s early work are stamps engraved for the Polish Exiled Government in London, dating from 1941 and 1943. But better known is his work for Portugal. In 1945, he engraved two values of the Portuguese Navigators set: the 1e75 portraying Magellan and the 3e50 portraying Diogo Cão. In 1955, Godbehear portrayed three monarchs of the Portuguese Kings set: Afonso III, Diniz and Fernando.

Among Godbehear’s latest stamp work we find yet another iconic Elizabethan portrait: that of the 1969 Machin high value definitive set of Great Britain. The assignment was originally given to both Godbehear and his colleague Nigel Alan Dow. Both engravers submitted their die but Godbehear’s was thought to be superior so his was chosen for the actual issue.

Godbehear was sometimes described as likeable but rather brusque, and his engraving style was also sometimes rather brusque. In fact, his Machin portrait had more than usual depth in its recesses, which led to a lot of rejected printings. To solve this, the printers ran several dry runs on thick paper, to wear the plates. This solved the problem of rejects but as a result a high number of plates had to be produced, which is one of the peculiarities of this stamp set. 

Soon after, Bob Godbehear retired and his position as senior portrait engraver was taken over by said colleague Alan Dow.

This article was first published in Stamp and Coin Mart of December 2014 and is reproduced with their kind permission.  

STAMPS

1940
New Zealand, Centenary of Proclamation 1d

1941
Poland, Exiled Government in London definitive

1943
Poland, Exiled Government in London definitive

1944
New Zealand, Health

1945
Portugal, Navigators

1946
New Zealand, Peace 1d

1953
British Commonwealth, Coronation omnibus

1955
Portugal, Kings, 1E, 1E40 and 2E30

1969
Great Britain, Pre-decimal Machin high value definitives

1970
Great Britain, Decimal Machin high value definitives

OTHER PHILATELIC ENGRAVINGS

1928 (?)
Stamp essay based on Luxembourg Charlotte definitive (1)

OTHER ENGRAVINGS

1940
Great Britain, Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I on Bradbury Wilkinson advertising note

1960

Great Britain, Portrait of Queen Elizabeth II on 10 shillings banknote P373 (2)

REFERENCES

- Machin, Artist of an Icon, The Memoirs of Arnold Machin RA (2002)

- The Postage Stamps of New Zealand, Volume II, Edited by RJG Collins and CW Watts (1950)


THANKS TO

- 'canadian NorthAmerican' from Stamp Magazine's engravers forum.

Notes:
(1) Stampcomunity website, Collecting by engraver
(2) Penrose 1982

1 comment:

  1. Stamp for POLISH EXILE GOVERNMENT IN GREAT BRITAIN (1943)
    sCOTT nR. 3k15 ("The Homeland fIGHTS")

    ReplyDelete