Sunday, 9 June 2013

HARRISON, John Augustus Charles

It would appear that TS Harrison engraved the New Zealand 1901 1d Dominion stamp, as stated by Robson Lowe. Other sources, including the Stanley Gibbons catalogue, mention JAC Harrison as the engraver.

The portrait of King Edward VII on the 1903 Canada definitives, which was engraved by Charles Skinner, was based on an engraving of that same portrait by John Harrison for Perkins, Bacon Co.

When engraving the die for the British Seahorses issue of 1913, the original idea was to produce all values from a single master die, with the individual values added later. However, Britannia's shield proved to be heraldically wrong so that was removed from the master die. Consequently, all four values have individually engraved shields. In 1973, Bradbury Wilkinson got permission to use the die with the shield removed as part of a recess-printed souvenir sheet issued to mark the British Philatelic Exhibition.

At the time Harrison was asked to engrave the 1929 £1 Postal Union Congress stamp for Britain, he was employed by Waterlow & Sons. The printing contract, however, had been given to Bradbury, Wilkinson, but only on the condition that the £1 stamp was engraved by Harrison. Special permission was granted by Waterlow to let Harrison engrave this particular stamp. The head of King George V was actually taken from the master die of the British Seahorses stamps of 1913. Although proofs were made with 16 colours, the stamp was eventually printed in black, to sharpen the contrast and accentuate the darker parts of the engraving.

Regarding the 21st century Royal Mail stamp reproductions: the Seahorses came, as did the 2010 PUC stamps, from an amalgam of proofs taken from dies, rollers, proofs etc. which are now of the re-engraved version. So all were derived from the originals. (quoting Douglas N. Muir, Senior Curator)

It is not certain who engraved the dies for the 1934 pictorial definitive set for British Guiana, but the name of Harrison appears in the Waterlow & Sons index against these values, so it is presumed he was responsible for these excellent engravings.
 
The die proof archives of Waterlow & Sons show that Harrison engraved three portraits of King George VI, which were filed under St. Helena, but it is not clear whether any of these were used for the actual definitive series of 1938.

For the 1949 defintiives of North Borneo, Harrison engraved three master frame dies, of the 4c, 25c and $2 type, into which separate dies for the vignettes were placed, also all engraved by Harrison.

STAMPS BY YEAR

1894
Belgian Congo, Definitive

1897
Rhodesia, Definitives, vignette only

1898
New Zealand, Definitives, 5d

1901
New Zealand, Penny Universal(?)

1903
Canada, Definitives

1912
Falkland Islands, KGV definitives

1913
Great Britain, Seahorses definitives

1915
Chile, Definitives, 5c, 10c, 20c, 40c and 50c complete, 2p vignette only (1) 

1920
Cook Islands, 1.5d Capt. Cook definitive

1924
Great Britain, Exhibition
Portugal, Camoens

1925
Great Britain, Exhibition
Macao, Charity tax
Northern Rhodesia, King George V definitives
Portugal, Charity tax
Portuguese Guinea, Charity tax
St. Thomas & Prince Islands, Charity tax

1926
Spain, Red cross

1927
Australia, Parliament House, Canberra

1928
Spain, Rome catacombs restoration fund
Uruguay, Postage stamp definitives

1929
Great Britain, Postal Union Congress, £1 value

1931
North Borneo, British North Borneo Company

1932
Sierra Leone, Definitives
Thailand, Chakri Dynasty, values up to 50s

1934
Great Britain, Seahorses definitives
British Guiana, Definitives (probably)

1935
British Commonwealth, Silver Jubilee Omnibus

1937
Southern Rhodesia, Coronation, portraits

1938
Basutoland, Definitives, KGVI portrait only

1939
Great Britain, High value definitives
North Borneo, Definitives

Notes:
(1) Chilecollector website

STAMP-RELATED ITEMS BY YEAR

1903 (?)
Portrait of King Edward VII, for Perkins, Bacon Co. (used as basis for Canadian definitives engraved by Skinner)

1923
Morvi (Morvee), Revenue stamps

2010
Great Britain, £1 PUC reproduction

2013
Great Britain, Re-engraved seahorses reproductions

OTHER WORK

1945
Czechoslovakia, Portraits on 20 and 50 korun banknotes P61-62 (1)

REFERENCES

- Stanley Gibbons Great Britain Volume 2 King Edward VII to King George VI Specialised Stamp Catalogue, tenth edition (1996)

- The Postage Stamps of New Zealand, Volume II, Edited by RJG Collins and CW Watts (1950)

- The Encyclopaedia of British Empire Postage Stamps, Volume V, North America (1973)

- The Die Proofs of Waterlow & Sons, Part 1, Great Britain & the Empire to 1960, Colin Fraser and Robson Lowe (1985)

Notes:
(1) Papirovaplatidla website

No comments:

Post a Comment